Equal Opportunities for Women and Men: Monitoring law and practice in Romania

Since 2002, Romanian legislation on equal opportunities for women and men, discrimination and social security schemes has been substantially modified. The main changes that took place relate to protective measures for pregnant workers, women who have recently given birth, and breastfeeding women. In addition, the Labor Code underwent a major revision in 2003. Institutional mechanisms on gender equality in Romania are at the parliamentary and governmental level. The Government only recently expressed its interest in introducing policies that would encourage women to re-enter the labor market after taking leave to care for children. There are no state policies yet to promote women’s participation in the labor market (such as promoting flexible working
arrangements, or increasing the number of accessible child care services) or policies that encourage men to take more responsibility in family life. There are also no state policies or initiatives to reduce the gender pay gap.